Bangladesh Police Academy
The venerable Bangladesh Police Academy (BPA), the then Police Training College, made its maiden journey in 1912 with an objective to deliver basic training to the police officers and personnel of the then Province of Bengal and Assam of Indian sub-continent under British rule. This hundred year old luminous and prestigious Alma Mater is one of the oldest training institutions in the Indian sub-continent.
The need for professional education and formal training to police personnel was felt in Bengal in1893. To meet the recommendation of the Indian Police Commission of 1902-03 for establishing provincial schools, the school at Mill Barracks, Dhaka was transformed into a provincial institution in 1906 and it functioned till 1913.
The partition of Bengal was announced in July 1905 by the Viceroy of India, Lord Curzon. On the annulment of the short-lived partition of Bengal, the existing Police Training College for Bengal, Bihar, Orissa and Assam at Bhagalpur (India) went to the province of re-organized Bihar and Orissa which was reconstituted with parts of the then Bengal.
Such a situation demanded immediate necessity for a Police Training College for the Province of Bengal and Assam. The respective government functionaries plan of setting up a Police Training College resulted in the establishment of Police Training College in July, 1912 at its present site at Sardah. The site at Sardah with existing buildings, and other disappeared and aged ruined buildings was once called headquarters of 152 Nilkutis (Indigo Houses) of the region.
Sardah is the oldest training institution of the country with its rich heritage and splendour history. Major H. Chamney of the British Indian Army was the first principal of the academy. The entire property, comprising an area of 142.66 acres of land with all its installations, was then purchased by the Government from the Midnapur Zamindari Estate in 1912 at an amount of Rupees 25,000. It was thus destined to become the site for the Police Training College, the present Bangladesh Police Academy.
In the beginning, the training college was for all ranks of police ranging from Constables to Sub-Inspectors, and the Assistant Superintendents. In 1912-13 the first batch of trainees consisted of 103 recruit Constables, 25 Cadet Sub-Inspectors and 7 Asst. Superintendents thus the total number of trainees were 135 but rose to about 1,000 in the year 1925.
In the beginning the academy imparted training to the police officers of Imperial Police Service (IPS) of the rank of ASP in both British and Indian origin and police personnel of the rank of Sub-Inspector and Constable of Bengal and Assam. Since then the institution had been delivering sustained and un-interrupted basic training to the rank and file, and officers of Imperial Police Service, Pakistan Police Service and Bangladesh Police Service.
With the increased training activities and added responsibility, the Police Training College was raised to the status of a national academy and named as Police Academy, Sardah in 1964.
In the year 1962 the academy celebrated the Golden Jubilee (1912 – 1962), after completion of its 50 years through colourful programmes. The President of Pakistan Field Marshal Muhammad Ayub Khan was the chief guest of the occasion.
The Police Academy played a heroic role in the history of Bangladeshs Liberation War. Pakistani occupational army’s invasion of Sardah on 13 April 1971 was boldly resisted by all the personnel under the leadership of the then principal Mr. M.A. Khaleque. As many as 24 police personnel and civil staff of the academy sacrificed their lives in the battle of liberation.
Bangladesh Police Academy celebrated its Diamond Jubilee (1912–1987) in 1989 with the release of a commemorative Postage Stamp by former President H.M. Ershad.
Currently BPA is imparting three categories of training courses – Basic Training, In-Service Training, and Specialized Training.
Bangladesh Police has four entry points in three ranks – Asst. Superintendent of Police (ASP), Sub-Inspector (SI) & Sergeant, and Constable. BPA is the only institution in the country to provide basic police training for the entrants in three entry points -- ASP (Probationers), Cadet Sub-Inspectors, and Sergeants. For basic training of the entrants in the remaining entry point – Constables, the responsibility is shared with the existing four Police Training Centres (PTC) of the country.
In-service courses are offered to Armed Sub-Inspectors (Refresher’s Course) and Asst. Armed Sub-Inspectors (Section Leaders’ Course). Specialized courses include Riders, Drummers, Pipers, Buglers, and Training of Trainers (TOT) for the rank & file and officers of different ranks.
Besides, BPA offers different courses for other government departments like National Security Intelligence Course for National Security Intelligence (NSI) officers, Railway Security Course for Railway Security officers and Forester Course for Forest field officers.
The academy introduced Masters in Police Science (MPS) programme being affiliated with University of Rajshahi since the academic year 2008-2009. By making partnership and engagement with foreign and international organizations like ICITAP, Asia Foundation, ICRC, and PRP international standard training courses are imparted to ASP (Probationers) and Cadet Sub-Inspectors.
The academy attained its birth centenary in the year 2012. Breaking all the previous records since its inception, the number of trainees rose to 2,390 in July 2012. Centenary year also coincided with completion of construction of a colossal swimming pool, a giant gymnasium, Padma river drive, a big drill shed, a master drain, a new cafeteria, entry gate complex, and two new monuments in the memory of International Mother Language Day and National Independence. Creation of a Conservation of Wild Trees Corner and a Sanctuary for the Wild Animals, policy based comprehensive Master Plan of the academy, launching a project called Green Sardah and Clean Sardah, the opening of website of BPA and internet connection with 20 Mbps capacity, and transforming the academy into Town Like with naming of different roads and places, installations of traffic sign and signpost and setting up of parking lots all happened in the year 2012.
The great celebration, to mark the 100th anniversary of the establishment of Bangladesh Police Academy, held on 6-8 December 2012 with the gracious presence of Honourable Prime Minister Sheikh Hasina in the inaugural ceremony. Different vibrant programmes like Heritage Parade, Horse Show, Band Show, Fireworks, Games events, Exhibition of police related artifacts and articles of historical interests, Fair, Cultural Events, Reminiscence, Seminars and other events were taken place in the celebration.
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Police Staff College (PSC) :
The vision of PSC is to maximize human welfare through quality policing and its mission is to develop human resources with sound capability and integrity to modernize policing within the framework of National Development Policy.Established in 2000, PSC, the first of its kind in the South Asian region, is situated on 19.5 acres of land at Mirpur-14 in Dhaka. It emerged as statutory organization in 2002 under Police Staff College Act, 2002 and governed by Board of Governors chaired by Honourable Home Minister.A rector (Addl. IGP) is the chief executive of the organization. It imparts advanced training to the senior police officers from both home and abroad, arranges national and international courses, seminars, symposiums, workshops etc, organizes research and publishes reports on law and order and public safety related issues. It offers courses for officials in ASP and above in Police ranks, class-1 officers of other sister organizations under Ministry of Home Affairs and other class-1 officers from different organizations.
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Police Training Center (PTC), Tangail :
It started the journey in 1972 at the abandoned Jamindar house of Mohera as Zonal Police Training School (ZPTS) and upgraded to Police Training Center in 1990. PTC, Tangail is situated at Mohera under Mirzapur upazila in Tangail. It is 16 km away from Mirzapur upazila sadar, 22km from Tangail and about 100 km from Dhaka.
Like other PTC’s, TRC (Trainee Recruit Constable) undergoes a six-month-long fundamental training here following the constable handbook of PHQ. As the institution gained reputation, PHQ decided to arrange departmental cadet (SI) training course here. 10 batches of DC training course have already been accomplished. In addition to that, FPU-Pre deployment and Pre-SAAT training is also being conducted here.
One shaheed minar, two parade sheds, two barracks, a school (Shaheed Police Poridorshok Akram Hossen biddapit) were founded here in 2012. A five- storeyed structure has already been completed while the other six storeyed barrack is under construction.
PTC, Khulna :
Police Training Center (PTC), Khulna is situated beside Khulna-Jessore highway at Mirerdanga JL under Khanjahan Ali Police Station in Khulna District. It has been established on 17.5 acres of land with a two-storeyed administrative building, a five storeyed TRC barrack, a multipurpose hall, a mosque, two-storeyed Commandants quarter, Deputy Commamdants quarter, a six-storeyed SI/ASI quarters, a six-storeyed Constables quarter and three tin-shade barracks.
In 1972, it was first placed under the name Zonal Police Training School (ZPTS), Khulna at Khalispur Municipal Market in Khulna District.
In 1980, ZPTS was shifted to Jessore District Police Lines and on 18th September, 1989, it was upgraded as Police Training Center (PTC) and reshifted to the present place. Then an Additional Deputy Inspector General was appointed as Commandant. ATM Monsurul Aziz was the first Commandant of PTC, Khulna.
PTC Noakhali :
Police Training Centre Noakhali had started its initial journey as Zonal Police Training School (ZPTS) in 1972 with 28 Acres of land of old Police Lines Noakhali. In 1990 it was upgraded & declared as Police Training Centre with another 21.24 acres of land of Old district jail Noakhali. Since its inception only Trainee Recruit Constables (TRC) was supposed to be trained here in PTC Noakhali. Further few batches of Forest Guards were also trained here. From 2007 some other important in-service training courses for field officers like Inspectors’ (Preliminary Staff Course), Sergeant/TSI’s (Refresher Course), Pre-deployment Course for FPUs, Pre-SAT training for the officers of the rank of ASP to downwards are have become regular phenomena here. Training of Trainers (TOT) Courses, few Courses for Gunmen of Bangladesh Police, Workshops/Short Trainings on Human Rights are also going on along with TRC Basic Training.
PTC Rangpur :
Rangpur PTC is known as a pioneering training center for women trainees. It started functioning as ZPTS (Zonal Police Training School) in 1972 at Rangpur Police Lines under the command of a Superintendent of Police. The present campus on a 20-acre land was acquired in 1980 in response to the demand of increasing number of trainees. The Zonal Police Training School emerged vibrantly as Police Training Centre (PTC) in 1990, and the unit In-charge has been upgraded to the rank of Additional DIG.The center is now capable of conducting Refreshers Course for Assistant Sub Inspector, which runs for 8 months, and Basic training for the recruited constables for 6 months.
PSTS, Betbunia, Rangamati :
Police Special Training School (PSTS) was established under the name of "Technical Jungle Warfare" in Mohalchari, Hill Tract in 1977. The name of this Institution was changed into "Police Special Training School" in 1980. This school was shifted to Dulhajara, Cox’s Bazar in 1982. Again It was shifted to present location Betbunia, Rangamati in 1985. It covers a land area of 40.36 acres and of this area, 60% is in the hilly region. It has one tin-shed semi pucca administrative building, two tin-shed semi pucca barrak, armour, ration store, 250 KV electricity sub-station and a 6-storeyed barrak building, a parade ground and natural Firing Range.
Detective training school (DTS) :
At a Glance
- Established in the year of 1963 under Criminal Investigation Department, One of the oldest In-Service training centers of Banglaesh Police
- Present Commandant : Md. Shahadat Hossain, Additional Deputy Inspector General, Bangladesh Police.
- At present, Detective Training School possesses total 61 teaching, supervisory and working staffs including 01 additional Superintendent of Police, 04 Assistant Superintendents of Police and 06 Inspectors.
- A number of Nationally reputed gurst Speakers take classes on Special Subjects.
- Has a 5-storied Academic Building and a 6-storied Dormitory for accommoodation of 120 trainess.
To organize and prepare police officers to render service professionally and efficiently to the citizens of the country.
To create highly trained and efficient police officres who can uphold the rule of law, prevent and detect crime, maintain social order and prepare to face the future challenges which may appear with the advancement of society and with the passage of time.
At present, detective training school is successfully conducting the following 14 training courses, 49 times a year, for assistant Sub –inspectors to assistant Superintendents of police;
01. Aid to Good investigation for Assistant Superintendents of police
02. Technology Based investigation for Assistant Superintendents of police, inspectors and Sub-inspectors;
03. Supervision on Investigation of Cases and Prosecution for Inspectors;
04. Prevention of Women Oppression and Human Behavior for Inspectors and Sub-Inspectors;
05. Special Training on Human Rights for Inspectors, Sub-Inspectors, Sergeants;
06. Specialized Training for Inspectors and Sub-Inspectors ;
07. Post Blast investigation for Inspectors and Sub-Inspectors;
08. Senior investigation for sub inspectors;
09. Prosecution Course for Court Officers;
10. Refresher Course for Departmental Sub-Inspectors;
11. PR Methods for Court Inspectors, Sub-Inspectors and Assistant Sub-Inspectors;
12. Junior Investigation for Assistant Sub-Inspectors;
13. Basic Office Management Course for Civil staffs;
Besides, Detective Training School has successfully conducted various Workshop/Seminar like Workshop on Indicators jointly conducted by Harvard Program in Criminal Justice, Policy & Management and Bangladesh Police. Cyber Investigation Training Conducted by FBI and US Embassy, Dhaka.
Special Branch Training School :
Special Branch Training School began its journey on 20th September, 1992 in a temporary rented premise at Uttara, Dhaka. On 20th June 2002, the school was relocated to SB premises at Malibagh, Dhaka and on 20th December 2008, it was again relocated to its present premise at Rajarbagh Police Lines of Dhaka Metropolitan Police (DMP). In future, the school will settle to its own premise on plot 2, road 10, sector 11 of Uttara Model Town , Dhaka on a piece of one bigah land bought from RAJUK.
The school is the only specialized training institution in Bangladesh offering different specialized training courses to immigration police personnel who work in 3 international airports and 33 land check posts, as well as to police officers up to the rank of Superintendent of Police (SP). The training course includes critical areas like intelligence, surveillance, immigration, VVIP Protection etc. and thus enable the police to perform better in pro-active policing in routine activities like prevention and detection of crime as well as keeping them informed on criminal and terror outfits.
The relentless pursuits of its instructional staff, the policy levels, overseas partners and all other stakeholders have together founded the school on a very strong footing. As a result, it is being recognized as one of the paramount and prestigious seats of professional learning in Bangladesh.
Traffic and Driving School, Millbarack, Sutrapur, Dhaka :
Traffic Training School (TTS) has been established in 1965. It is located at historical Millbarack police line (now Dhaka district police line) at Sutrapur, Dhaka. From 11th March 2010 onwards, it has been renamed as “Traffic and Driving School” (TDS) under a new organogram. From its inception it has been conducting Basic Traffic Training course for the police members to uphold the traffic management and road safety programme. The training institute provides not only basic traffic training but also different types of programmes like shooting simulation training, computer training and language lab & driving wing.